initial .tex layout
authorAaron Kaplan <aaron@lo-res.org>
Wed, 18 Sep 2013 13:37:18 +0000 (15:37 +0200)
committerAaron Kaplan <aaron@lo-res.org>
Wed, 18 Sep 2013 13:37:18 +0000 (15:37 +0200)
Feel free to completely change it!

14 files changed:
src/Makefile [new file with mode: 0644]
src/PKIs.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/RNGs.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/abstract.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/applied-crypto-hardening.bib [new file with mode: 0644]
src/applied-crypto-hardening.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/disclaimer.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/further_research.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/keylengths.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/llncs.cls [new file with mode: 0644]
src/motivation.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/overview_common_crypto_systems.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/practical_settings.tex [new file with mode: 0644]
src/tools.tex [new file with mode: 0644]

diff --git a/src/Makefile b/src/Makefile
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..b78de53
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+all:
+       latex applied-crypto-hardening
+       bibtex applied-crypto-hardening
+       latex applied-crypto-hardening
+       latex applied-crypto-hardening
+       dvipdfm -z 9 applied-crypto-hardening
+       dvipdf applied-crypto-hardening.dvi
+
+clean:
+       rm applied-crypto-hardening.aux applied-crypto-hardening.bbl applied-crypto-hardening.blg applied-crypto-hardening.dvi applied-crypto-hardening.log applied-crypto-hardening.pdf
diff --git a/src/PKIs.tex b/src/PKIs.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/RNGs.tex b/src/RNGs.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/abstract.tex b/src/abstract.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/applied-crypto-hardening.bib b/src/applied-crypto-hardening.bib
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..c4c9ff2
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+
+%%%
+%%% SAMPLE!!!! please adjust to your needs!!
+%%% 
+@inproceedings{Braun:2010,
+author = {L Braun and G M\"unz and G Carle},
+booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS 2010)},
+title = {Packet sampling for worm and botnet detection in TCP connections},
+year = {2010},
+}
+
+@misc{rfc3626,
+  author="T. Clausen and P. Jacquet",
+  title="{Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR)}",
+  series="Request for Comments",
+  number="3626",
+  howpublished="RFC 3626 (Experimental)",
+  publisher="IETF",
+  organization="Internet Engineering Task Force",
+  year=2003,
+  month=oct,
+    url="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3626.txt",
+}
+
+@misc{batman,
+  author={A. Neumann and C. Aichele and M. Lindner and S. Wunderlich},
+  title={Better Approach To Mobile Ad-hoc Networking (B.A.T.M.A.N.)},
+  howpublished={{http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-wunderlich-openmesh-manet-routing-00}},
+  year=2008,
+  month=apr,
+}
+
+@INPROCEEDINGS{Deri04,
+    author = {Luca Deri},
+    title = {Improving Passive Packet Capture: Beyond Device Polling},
+    booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fourth International System Administration and Network Engineering Conference (SANE 2004)},
+    year = {2004},
+    location = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
+    month = sep,
+}
+
+@misc{rfc5101,
+  author="B. Claise",
+  title="{Specification of the IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX) Protocol for the Exchange of IP Traffic Flow Information}",
+  series="Request for Comments",
+  number="5101",
+  howpublished="RFC 5101",
+  publisher="IETF",
+  organization="Internet Engineering Task Force",
+  year=2008,
+  month=jan,
+    url="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5101.txt",
+}
+
+@misc{muenz-compression,
+  author = {{G. M\"unz and L. Braun}},
+  title = {Lossless Compression for IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX)},
+  howpublished = {https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-muenz-ipfix-compression-00},
+  year = 2008,
+  month = jul,
+}
+@misc{funkfeuer,
+   author = {{Funkfeuer}},
+   title       = {http://www.funkfeuer.at/}, 
+   url         = {http://www.funkfeuer.at/},
+   year = 2011,
+  month = apr,
+}
+@misc{freifunk,
+   author = {{Freifunk}},
+   title       = {http://www.freifunk.net/}, 
+   url         = {http://www.freifunk.net/},
+   year = 2011,
+  month = apr,
+}
+@ARTICLE{Viennot2004,
+  author = {Viennot, Laurent and Jacquet, Philippe and Clausen, Thomas Heide},
+  title = {Analyzing Control Traffic Overhead versus Mobility and Data Traffic
+       Activity in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Protocols},
+  journal = {ACM Wireless Networks Journal (Winet)},
+  year = {2004},
+  volume = {10},
+  pages = {447--455},
+  number = {4},
+  address = {Hingham, MA, USA},
+  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:WINE.0000028548.44719.fe},
+  file = {:D\:\\MY_LYBRARY\\Routing_Overhead\\top_clausen_routing_overhead.pdf:PDF;:D\:\\Exchange\\MY_LYBRARY\\Routing_Overhead\\p447-viennot.pdf:PDF},
+  issn = {1022-0038},
+  keywords = {routing overhead aodv dsr olsr comparison analysis top overhead routing
+       mobility traffic},
+  owner = {rmaklein},
+  publisher = {Kluwer Academic Publishers},
+  timestamp = {2009.10.20}
+}
+@INPROCEEDINGS{Klein2008,
+  author = {Klein, A.},
+  title = {Performance Comparison and Evaluation of {AODV}, {OLSR}, and {SBR}
+       in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks},
+  booktitle = {Proc. 3rd International Symposium on Wireless Pervasive Computing
+       ISWPC 2008},
+  year = {2008},
+  pages = {571--575},
+  month = {May},
+  doi = {10.1109/ISWPC.2008.4556273},
+  owner = {Alexander Klein},
+  timestamp = {2009.09.05}
+}
diff --git a/src/applied-crypto-hardening.tex b/src/applied-crypto-hardening.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..5d86d74
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+\documentclass{llncs}
+
+\usepackage{amsmath}
+\usepackage{amssymb}
+%\usepackage{psfrag}
+%\usepackage{graphicx}
+%\usepackage{color}
+%\usepackage{subfigure}
+%\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}  % Sonderzeichen, Umlaute  
+\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}  % Sonderzeichen, Umlaute  
+
+\pagenumbering{arabic}
+\pagestyle{plain}
+
+
+\newcommand{\todo}[1]{\marginpar{\textbf{TODO!}}\parbox{\columnwidth}{\textbf{\textsc{\textcolor{red}{(TODO: #1)}}}}}
+% Auskommentieren:
+\newcommand{\ignorethis}[1]{}
+\newcommand{\needcite}{\todo{Need citation!}}
+
+
+\begin{document}
+
+\title{Applied Crypto Hardening}
+
+\author{ Manuel Koschuch\inst{1}, Adi Kriegisch\inst{2}, Leon Aaron Kaplan\inst{3}}
+\institute{
+FH Wien
+\and
+VRVis
+\and
+Computer Emergency Response Team Austria}
+
+
+\maketitle
+
+\input{abstract}
+\input{disclaimer}
+\input{motivation}
+\input{overview_common_crypto_systems}
+\input{keylengths}
+\input{RNGs}
+\input{practical_settings}
+\input{PKIs}
+\input{tools}
+\input{further_research}
+
+\bibliography{applied-crypto-hardening}
+
+\end{document}
diff --git a/src/disclaimer.tex b/src/disclaimer.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..edf256a
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+\section{Disclaimer}
+
+Aktueller Stand ... morgen kann alles anders sein
+disclaimer disclaimer disclaimer
+Der Inhalt dieses whitepapers ist ausschliessliche die persoenliche *Meinung* der Autoren. Wurde nach besten Wissen und Gewissen erstellt.
+Keine Garantie auf Korrektheit etc. Disclaimer, was in dem Paper *nicht* drinnen steht bzw. was wir nicht wissen.  Veroeffentlichungsdatum angeben, kein Ablaufdatum des whitepapers angeben.
+
+
diff --git a/src/further_research.tex b/src/further_research.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/keylengths.tex b/src/keylengths.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/llncs.cls b/src/llncs.cls
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..23fd1c6
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,1190 @@
+% LLNCS DOCUMENT CLASS -- version 2.14 (17-Aug-2004)\r
+% Springer Verlag LaTeX2e support for Lecture Notes in Computer Science\r
+%\r
+%%\r
+%% \CharacterTable\r
+%%  {Upper-case    \A\B\C\D\E\F\G\H\I\J\K\L\M\N\O\P\Q\R\S\T\U\V\W\X\Y\Z\r
+%%   Lower-case    \a\b\c\d\e\f\g\h\i\j\k\l\m\n\o\p\q\r\s\t\u\v\w\x\y\z\r
+%%   Digits        \0\1\2\3\4\5\6\7\8\9\r
+%%   Exclamation   \!     Double quote  \"     Hash (number) \#\r
+%%   Dollar        \$     Percent       \%     Ampersand     \&\r
+%%   Acute accent  \'     Left paren    \(     Right paren   \)\r
+%%   Asterisk      \*     Plus          \+     Comma         \,\r
+%%   Minus         \-     Point         \.     Solidus       \/\r
+%%   Colon         \:     Semicolon     \;     Less than     \<\r
+%%   Equals        \=     Greater than  \>     Question mark \?\r
+%%   Commercial at \@     Left bracket  \[     Backslash     \\\r
+%%   Right bracket \]     Circumflex    \^     Underscore    \_\r
+%%   Grave accent  \`     Left brace    \{     Vertical bar  \|\r
+%%   Right brace   \}     Tilde         \~}\r
+%%\r
+\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1995/12/01]\r
+\ProvidesClass{llncs}[2004/08/17 v2.14\r
+^^J LaTeX document class for Lecture Notes in Computer Science]\r
+% Options\r
+\let\if@envcntreset\iffalse\r
+\DeclareOption{envcountreset}{\let\if@envcntreset\iftrue}\r
+\DeclareOption{citeauthoryear}{\let\citeauthoryear=Y}\r
+\DeclareOption{oribibl}{\let\oribibl=Y}\r
+\let\if@custvec\iftrue\r
+\DeclareOption{orivec}{\let\if@custvec\iffalse}\r
+\let\if@envcntsame\iffalse\r
+\DeclareOption{envcountsame}{\let\if@envcntsame\iftrue}\r
+\let\if@envcntsect\iffalse\r
+\DeclareOption{envcountsect}{\let\if@envcntsect\iftrue}\r
+\let\if@runhead\iffalse\r
+\DeclareOption{runningheads}{\let\if@runhead\iftrue}\r
+\r
+\let\if@openbib\iffalse\r
+\DeclareOption{openbib}{\let\if@openbib\iftrue}\r
+\r
+% languages\r
+\let\switcht@@therlang\relax\r
+\def\ds@deutsch{\def\switcht@@therlang{\switcht@deutsch}}\r
+\def\ds@francais{\def\switcht@@therlang{\switcht@francais}}\r
+\r
+\DeclareOption*{\PassOptionsToClass{\CurrentOption}{article}}\r
+\r
+\ProcessOptions\r
+\r
+\LoadClass[twoside]{article}\r
+\RequirePackage{multicol} % needed for the list of participants, index\r
+\r
+\setlength{\textwidth}{12.2cm}\r
+\setlength{\textheight}{19.3cm}\r
+\renewcommand\@pnumwidth{2em}\r
+\renewcommand\@tocrmarg{3.5em}\r
+%\r
+\def\@dottedtocline#1#2#3#4#5{%\r
+  \ifnum #1>\c@tocdepth \else\r
+    \vskip \z@ \@plus.2\p@\r
+    {\leftskip #2\relax \rightskip \@tocrmarg \advance\rightskip by 0pt plus 2cm\r
+               \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000\r
+     \parindent #2\relax\@afterindenttrue\r
+     \interlinepenalty\@M\r
+     \leavevmode\r
+     \@tempdima #3\relax\r
+     \advance\leftskip \@tempdima \null\nobreak\hskip -\leftskip\r
+     {#4}\nobreak\r
+     \leaders\hbox{$\m@th\r
+        \mkern \@dotsep mu\hbox{.}\mkern \@dotsep\r
+        mu$}\hfill\r
+     \nobreak\r
+     \hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hfil\normalfont \normalcolor #5}%\r
+     \par}%\r
+  \fi}\r
+%\r
+\def\switcht@albion{%\r
+\def\abstractname{Abstract.}\r
+\def\ackname{Acknowledgement.}\r
+\def\andname{and}\r
+\def\lastandname{\unskip, and}\r
+\def\appendixname{Appendix}\r
+\def\chaptername{Chapter}\r
+\def\claimname{Claim}\r
+\def\conjecturename{Conjecture}\r
+\def\contentsname{Table of Contents}\r
+\def\corollaryname{Corollary}\r
+\def\definitionname{Definition}\r
+\def\examplename{Example}\r
+\def\exercisename{Exercise}\r
+\def\figurename{Fig.}\r
+\def\keywordname{{\bf Key words:}}\r
+\def\indexname{Index}\r
+\def\lemmaname{Lemma}\r
+\def\contriblistname{List of Contributors}\r
+\def\listfigurename{List of Figures}\r
+\def\listtablename{List of Tables}\r
+\def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}\r
+\def\noteaddname{Note added in proof}\r
+\def\notename{Note}\r
+\def\partname{Part}\r
+\def\problemname{Problem}\r
+\def\proofname{Proof}\r
+\def\propertyname{Property}\r
+\def\propositionname{Proposition}\r
+\def\questionname{Question}\r
+\def\remarkname{Remark}\r
+\def\seename{see}\r
+\def\solutionname{Solution}\r
+\def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}\r
+\def\tablename{Table}\r
+\def\theoremname{Theorem}}\r
+\switcht@albion\r
+% Names of theorem like environments are already defined\r
+% but must be translated if another language is chosen\r
+%\r
+% French section\r
+\def\switcht@francais{%\typeout{On parle francais.}%\r
+ \def\abstractname{R\'esum\'e.}%\r
+ \def\ackname{Remerciements.}%\r
+ \def\andname{et}%\r
+ \def\lastandname{ et}%\r
+ \def\appendixname{Appendice}\r
+ \def\chaptername{Chapitre}%\r
+ \def\claimname{Pr\'etention}%\r
+ \def\conjecturename{Hypoth\`ese}%\r
+ \def\contentsname{Table des mati\`eres}%\r
+ \def\corollaryname{Corollaire}%\r
+ \def\definitionname{D\'efinition}%\r
+ \def\examplename{Exemple}%\r
+ \def\exercisename{Exercice}%\r
+ \def\figurename{Fig.}%\r
+ \def\keywordname{{\bf Mots-cl\'e:}}\r
+ \def\indexname{Index}\r
+ \def\lemmaname{Lemme}%\r
+ \def\contriblistname{Liste des contributeurs}\r
+ \def\listfigurename{Liste des figures}%\r
+ \def\listtablename{Liste des tables}%\r
+ \def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}\r
+ \def\noteaddname{Note ajout\'ee \`a l'\'epreuve}%\r
+ \def\notename{Remarque}%\r
+ \def\partname{Partie}%\r
+ \def\problemname{Probl\`eme}%\r
+ \def\proofname{Preuve}%\r
+ \def\propertyname{Caract\'eristique}%\r
+%\def\propositionname{Proposition}%\r
+ \def\questionname{Question}%\r
+ \def\remarkname{Remarque}%\r
+ \def\seename{voir}\r
+ \def\solutionname{Solution}%\r
+ \def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}\r
+ \def\tablename{Tableau}%\r
+ \def\theoremname{Th\'eor\`eme}%\r
+}\r
+%\r
+% German section\r
+\def\switcht@deutsch{%\typeout{Man spricht deutsch.}%\r
+ \def\abstractname{Zusammenfassung.}%\r
+ \def\ackname{Danksagung.}%\r
+ \def\andname{und}%\r
+ \def\lastandname{ und}%\r
+ \def\appendixname{Anhang}%\r
+ \def\chaptername{Kapitel}%\r
+ \def\claimname{Behauptung}%\r
+ \def\conjecturename{Hypothese}%\r
+ \def\contentsname{Inhaltsverzeichnis}%\r
+ \def\corollaryname{Korollar}%\r
+%\def\definitionname{Definition}%\r
+ \def\examplename{Beispiel}%\r
+ \def\exercisename{\"Ubung}%\r
+ \def\figurename{Abb.}%\r
+ \def\keywordname{{\bf Schl\"usselw\"orter:}}\r
+ \def\indexname{Index}\r
+%\def\lemmaname{Lemma}%\r
+ \def\contriblistname{Mitarbeiter}\r
+ \def\listfigurename{Abbildungsverzeichnis}%\r
+ \def\listtablename{Tabellenverzeichnis}%\r
+ \def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}\r
+ \def\noteaddname{Nachtrag}%\r
+ \def\notename{Anmerkung}%\r
+ \def\partname{Teil}%\r
+%\def\problemname{Problem}%\r
+ \def\proofname{Beweis}%\r
+ \def\propertyname{Eigenschaft}%\r
+%\def\propositionname{Proposition}%\r
+ \def\questionname{Frage}%\r
+ \def\remarkname{Anmerkung}%\r
+ \def\seename{siehe}\r
+ \def\solutionname{L\"osung}%\r
+ \def\subclassname{{\it Subject Classifications\/}:}\r
+ \def\tablename{Tabelle}%\r
+%\def\theoremname{Theorem}%\r
+}\r
+\r
+% Ragged bottom for the actual page\r
+\def\thisbottomragged{\def\@textbottom{\vskip\z@ plus.0001fil\r
+\global\let\@textbottom\relax}}\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\small{%\r
+   \@setfontsize\small\@ixpt{11}%\r
+   \abovedisplayskip 8.5\p@ \@plus3\p@ \@minus4\p@\r
+   \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus2\p@\r
+   \belowdisplayshortskip 4\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus2\p@\r
+   \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini\r
+               \parsep 0\p@ \@plus1\p@ \@minus\p@\r
+               \topsep 8\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@\r
+               \itemsep0\p@}%\r
+   \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip\r
+}\r
+\r
+\frenchspacing\r
+\widowpenalty=10000\r
+\clubpenalty=10000\r
+\r
+\setlength\oddsidemargin   {63\p@}\r
+\setlength\evensidemargin  {63\p@}\r
+\setlength\marginparwidth  {90\p@}\r
+\r
+\setlength\headsep   {16\p@}\r
+\r
+\setlength\footnotesep{7.7\p@}\r
+\setlength\textfloatsep{8mm\@plus 2\p@ \@minus 4\p@}\r
+\setlength\intextsep   {8mm\@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}\r
+\r
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{2}\r
+\r
+\newcounter {chapter}\r
+\renewcommand\thechapter      {\@arabic\c@chapter}\r
+\r
+\newif\if@mainmatter \@mainmattertrue\r
+\newcommand\frontmatter{\cleardoublepage\r
+            \@mainmatterfalse\pagenumbering{Roman}}\r
+\newcommand\mainmatter{\cleardoublepage\r
+       \@mainmattertrue\pagenumbering{arabic}}\r
+\newcommand\backmatter{\if@openright\cleardoublepage\else\clearpage\fi\r
+      \@mainmatterfalse}\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\part{\cleardoublepage\r
+                 \thispagestyle{empty}%\r
+                 \if@twocolumn\r
+                     \onecolumn\r
+                     \@tempswatrue\r
+                   \else\r
+                     \@tempswafalse\r
+                 \fi\r
+                 \null\vfil\r
+                 \secdef\@part\@spart}\r
+\r
+\def\@part[#1]#2{%\r
+    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax\r
+      \refstepcounter{part}%\r
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{\thepart\hspace{1em}#1}%\r
+    \else\r
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{#1}%\r
+    \fi\r
+    \markboth{}{}%\r
+    {\centering\r
+     \interlinepenalty \@M\r
+     \normalfont\r
+     \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax\r
+       \huge\bfseries \partname~\thepart\r
+       \par\r
+       \vskip 20\p@\r
+     \fi\r
+     \Huge \bfseries #2\par}%\r
+    \@endpart}\r
+\def\@spart#1{%\r
+    {\centering\r
+     \interlinepenalty \@M\r
+     \normalfont\r
+     \Huge \bfseries #1\par}%\r
+    \@endpart}\r
+\def\@endpart{\vfil\newpage\r
+              \if@twoside\r
+                \null\r
+                \thispagestyle{empty}%\r
+                \newpage\r
+              \fi\r
+              \if@tempswa\r
+                \twocolumn\r
+              \fi}\r
+\r
+\newcommand\chapter{\clearpage\r
+                    \thispagestyle{empty}%\r
+                    \global\@topnum\z@\r
+                    \@afterindentfalse\r
+                    \secdef\@chapter\@schapter}\r
+\def\@chapter[#1]#2{\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne\r
+                       \if@mainmatter\r
+                         \refstepcounter{chapter}%\r
+                         \typeout{\@chapapp\space\thechapter.}%\r
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}%\r
+                                  {\protect\numberline{\thechapter}#1}%\r
+                       \else\r
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%\r
+                       \fi\r
+                    \else\r
+                      \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%\r
+                    \fi\r
+                    \chaptermark{#1}%\r
+                    \addtocontents{lof}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%\r
+                    \addtocontents{lot}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%\r
+                    \if@twocolumn\r
+                      \@topnewpage[\@makechapterhead{#2}]%\r
+                    \else\r
+                      \@makechapterhead{#2}%\r
+                      \@afterheading\r
+                    \fi}\r
+\def\@makechapterhead#1{%\r
+% \vspace*{50\p@}%\r
+  {\centering\r
+    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne\r
+      \if@mainmatter\r
+        \large\bfseries \@chapapp{} \thechapter\r
+        \par\nobreak\r
+        \vskip 20\p@\r
+      \fi\r
+    \fi\r
+    \interlinepenalty\@M\r
+    \Large \bfseries #1\par\nobreak\r
+    \vskip 40\p@\r
+  }}\r
+\def\@schapter#1{\if@twocolumn\r
+                   \@topnewpage[\@makeschapterhead{#1}]%\r
+                 \else\r
+                   \@makeschapterhead{#1}%\r
+                   \@afterheading\r
+                 \fi}\r
+\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%\r
+% \vspace*{50\p@}%\r
+  {\centering\r
+    \normalfont\r
+    \interlinepenalty\@M\r
+    \Large \bfseries  #1\par\nobreak\r
+    \vskip 40\p@\r
+  }}\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}%\r
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%\r
+                       {12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%\r
+                       {\normalfont\large\bfseries\boldmath\r
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}\r
+\renewcommand\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}%\r
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%\r
+                       {8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%\r
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\bfseries\boldmath\r
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}\r
+\renewcommand\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}%\r
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%\r
+                       {-0.5em \@plus -0.22em \@minus -0.1em}%\r
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\bfseries\boldmath}}\r
+\renewcommand\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}%\r
+                       {-12\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%\r
+                       {-0.5em \@plus -0.22em \@minus -0.1em}%\r
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\itshape}}\r
+\renewcommand\subparagraph[1]{\typeout{LLNCS warning: You should not use\r
+                  \string\subparagraph\space with this class}\vskip0.5cm\r
+You should not use \verb|\subparagraph| with this class.\vskip0.5cm}\r
+\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Gamma}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"00}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Delta}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"01}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Theta}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"02}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Lambda}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"03}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Xi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"04}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Pi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"05}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Sigma}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"06}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Upsilon}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"07}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Phi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"08}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Psi}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"09}\r
+\DeclareMathSymbol{\Omega}{\mathalpha}{letters}{"0A}\r
+\r
+\let\footnotesize\small\r
+\r
+\if@custvec\r
+\def\vec#1{\mathchoice{\mbox{\boldmath$\displaystyle#1$}}\r
+{\mbox{\boldmath$\textstyle#1$}}\r
+{\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptstyle#1$}}\r
+{\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptscriptstyle#1$}}}\r
+\fi\r
+\r
+\def\squareforqed{\hbox{\rlap{$\sqcap$}$\sqcup$}}\r
+\def\qed{\ifmmode\squareforqed\else{\unskip\nobreak\hfil\r
+\penalty50\hskip1em\null\nobreak\hfil\squareforqed\r
+\parfillskip=0pt\finalhyphendemerits=0\endgraf}\fi}\r
+\r
+\def\getsto{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\r
+\halign{\hfil\r
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr\gets\cr\to\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets\r
+\cr\to\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets\r
+\cr\to\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+\gets\cr\to\cr}}}}}\r
+\def\lid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil\r
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip1pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+<\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip0.9pt}=\cr}}}}}\r
+\def\gid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil\r
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip1pt}=\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+>\cr\r
+\noalign{\vskip0.9pt}=\cr}}}}}\r
+\def\grole{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\r
+\halign{\hfil\r
+$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip-1pt}<\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-1pt}<\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.8pt}<\cr}}}\r
+{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\r
+>\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.3pt}<\cr}}}}}\r
+\def\bbbr{{\rm I\!R}} %reelle Zahlen\r
+\def\bbbm{{\rm I\!M}}\r
+\def\bbbn{{\rm I\!N}} %natuerliche Zahlen\r
+\def\bbbf{{\rm I\!F}}\r
+\def\bbbh{{\rm I\!H}}\r
+\def\bbbk{{\rm I\!K}}\r
+\def\bbbp{{\rm I\!P}}\r
+\def\bbbone{{\mathchoice {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l}\r
+{\rm 1\mskip-4.5mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-5mu l}}}\r
+\def\bbbc{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}\r
+\def\bbbq{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm\r
+Q$}\hbox{\raise\r
+0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise\r
+0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise\r
+0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise\r
+0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}\r
+\def\bbbt{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm\r
+T$}\hbox{\hbox to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}\r
+\def\bbbs{{\mathchoice\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle     \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle        \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle      \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.5\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}\r
+{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox\r
+to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}\r
+\def\bbbz{{\mathchoice {\hbox{$\mathsf\textstyle Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}\r
+{\hbox{$\mathsf\textstyle Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}\r
+{\hbox{$\mathsf\scriptstyle Z\kern-0.3em Z$}}\r
+{\hbox{$\mathsf\scriptscriptstyle Z\kern-0.2em Z$}}}}\r
+\r
+\let\ts\,\r
+\r
+\setlength\leftmargini  {17\p@}\r
+\setlength\leftmargin    {\leftmargini}\r
+\setlength\leftmarginii  {\leftmargini}\r
+\setlength\leftmarginiii {\leftmargini}\r
+\setlength\leftmarginiv  {\leftmargini}\r
+\setlength  \labelsep  {.5em}\r
+\setlength  \labelwidth{\leftmargini}\r
+\addtolength\labelwidth{-\labelsep}\r
+\r
+\def\@listI{\leftmargin\leftmargini\r
+            \parsep 0\p@ \@plus1\p@ \@minus\p@\r
+            \topsep 8\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@\r
+            \itemsep0\p@}\r
+\let\@listi\@listI\r
+\@listi\r
+\def\@listii {\leftmargin\leftmarginii\r
+              \labelwidth\leftmarginii\r
+              \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep\r
+              \topsep    0\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus\p@}\r
+\def\@listiii{\leftmargin\leftmarginiii\r
+              \labelwidth\leftmarginiii\r
+              \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep\r
+              \topsep    0\p@ \@plus\p@\@minus\p@\r
+              \parsep    \z@\r
+              \partopsep \p@ \@plus\z@ \@minus\p@}\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\labelitemi{\normalfont\bfseries --}\r
+\renewcommand\labelitemii{$\m@th\bullet$}\r
+\r
+\setlength\arraycolsep{1.4\p@}\r
+\setlength\tabcolsep{1.4\p@}\r
+\r
+\def\tableofcontents{\chapter*{\contentsname\@mkboth{{\contentsname}}%\r
+                                                    {{\contentsname}}}\r
+ \def\authcount##1{\setcounter{auco}{##1}\setcounter{@auth}{1}}\r
+ \def\lastand{\ifnum\value{auco}=2\relax\r
+                 \unskip{} \andname\\r
+              \else\r
+                 \unskip \lastandname\\r
+              \fi}%\r
+ \def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}\relax\r
+          \ifnum\value{@auth}=\value{auco}%\r
+             \lastand\r
+          \else\r
+             \unskip,\r
+          \fi}%\r
+ \@starttoc{toc}\if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi}\r
+\r
+\def\l@part#1#2{\addpenalty{\@secpenalty}%\r
+   \addvspace{2em plus\p@}%  % space above part line\r
+   \begingroup\r
+     \parindent \z@\r
+     \rightskip \z@ plus 5em\r
+     \hrule\vskip5pt\r
+     \large               % same size as for a contribution heading\r
+     \bfseries\boldmath   % set line in boldface\r
+     \leavevmode          % TeX command to enter horizontal mode.\r
+     #1\par\r
+     \vskip5pt\r
+     \hrule\r
+     \vskip1pt\r
+     \nobreak             % Never break after part entry\r
+   \endgroup}\r
+\r
+\def\@dotsep{2}\r
+\r
+\def\hyperhrefextend{\ifx\hyper@anchor\@undefined\else\r
+{chapter.\thechapter}\fi}\r
+\r
+\def\addnumcontentsmark#1#2#3{%\r
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{\protect\numberline\r
+                     {\thechapter}#3}{\thepage}\hyperhrefextend}}\r
+\def\addcontentsmark#1#2#3{%\r
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{#3}{\thepage}\hyperhrefextend}}\r
+\def\addcontentsmarkwop#1#2#3{%\r
+\addtocontents{#1}{\protect\contentsline{#2}{#3}{0}\hyperhrefextend}}\r
+\r
+\def\@adcmk[#1]{\ifcase #1 \or\r
+\def\@gtempa{\addnumcontentsmark}%\r
+  \or    \def\@gtempa{\addcontentsmark}%\r
+  \or    \def\@gtempa{\addcontentsmarkwop}%\r
+  \fi\@gtempa{toc}{chapter}}\r
+\def\addtocmark{\@ifnextchar[{\@adcmk}{\@adcmk[3]}}\r
+\r
+\def\l@chapter#1#2{\addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}\r
+ \vskip 1.0em plus 1pt \@tempdima 1.5em \begingroup\r
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg\r
+ \advance\rightskip by 0pt plus 2cm\r
+ \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000\r
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima \hskip -\leftskip\r
+ {\large\bfseries\boldmath#1}\ifx0#2\hfil\null\r
+ \else\r
+      \nobreak\r
+      \leaders\hbox{$\m@th \mkern \@dotsep mu.\mkern\r
+      \@dotsep mu$}\hfill\r
+      \nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}%\r
+ \fi\par\r
+ \penalty\@highpenalty \endgroup}\r
+\r
+\def\l@title#1#2{\addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}\r
+ \addvspace{8pt plus 1pt}\r
+ \@tempdima \z@\r
+ \begingroup\r
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg\r
+ \advance\rightskip by 0pt plus 2cm\r
+ \parfillskip -\rightskip \pretolerance=10000\r
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima \hskip -\leftskip\r
+ #1\nobreak\r
+ \leaders\hbox{$\m@th \mkern \@dotsep mu.\mkern\r
+ \@dotsep mu$}\hfill\r
+ \nobreak\hbox to\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}\par\r
+ \penalty\@highpenalty \endgroup}\r
+\r
+\def\l@author#1#2{\addpenalty{\@highpenalty}\r
+ \@tempdima=15\p@ %\z@\r
+ \begingroup\r
+ \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@tocrmarg\r
+ \advance\rightskip by 0pt plus 2cm\r
+ \pretolerance=10000\r
+ \leavevmode \advance\leftskip\@tempdima %\hskip -\leftskip\r
+ \textit{#1}\par\r
+ \penalty\@highpenalty \endgroup}\r
+\r
+\setcounter{tocdepth}{0}\r
+\newdimen\tocchpnum\r
+\newdimen\tocsecnum\r
+\newdimen\tocsectotal\r
+\newdimen\tocsubsecnum\r
+\newdimen\tocsubsectotal\r
+\newdimen\tocsubsubsecnum\r
+\newdimen\tocsubsubsectotal\r
+\newdimen\tocparanum\r
+\newdimen\tocparatotal\r
+\newdimen\tocsubparanum\r
+\tocchpnum=\z@            % no chapter numbers\r
+\tocsecnum=15\p@          % section 88. plus 2.222pt\r
+\tocsubsecnum=23\p@       % subsection 88.8 plus 2.222pt\r
+\tocsubsubsecnum=27\p@    % subsubsection 88.8.8 plus 1.444pt\r
+\tocparanum=35\p@         % paragraph 88.8.8.8 plus 1.666pt\r
+\tocsubparanum=43\p@      % subparagraph 88.8.8.8.8 plus 1.888pt\r
+\def\calctocindent{%\r
+\tocsectotal=\tocchpnum\r
+\advance\tocsectotal by\tocsecnum\r
+\tocsubsectotal=\tocsectotal\r
+\advance\tocsubsectotal by\tocsubsecnum\r
+\tocsubsubsectotal=\tocsubsectotal\r
+\advance\tocsubsubsectotal by\tocsubsubsecnum\r
+\tocparatotal=\tocsubsubsectotal\r
+\advance\tocparatotal by\tocparanum}\r
+\calctocindent\r
+\r
+\def\l@section{\@dottedtocline{1}{\tocchpnum}{\tocsecnum}}\r
+\def\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{\tocsectotal}{\tocsubsecnum}}\r
+\def\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{\tocsubsectotal}{\tocsubsubsecnum}}\r
+\def\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{\tocsubsubsectotal}{\tocparanum}}\r
+\def\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{\tocparatotal}{\tocsubparanum}}\r
+\r
+\def\listoffigures{\@restonecolfalse\if@twocolumn\@restonecoltrue\onecolumn\r
+ \fi\section*{\listfigurename\@mkboth{{\listfigurename}}{{\listfigurename}}}\r
+ \@starttoc{lof}\if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi}\r
+\def\l@figure{\@dottedtocline{1}{0em}{1.5em}}\r
+\r
+\def\listoftables{\@restonecolfalse\if@twocolumn\@restonecoltrue\onecolumn\r
+ \fi\section*{\listtablename\@mkboth{{\listtablename}}{{\listtablename}}}\r
+ \@starttoc{lot}\if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi}\r
+\let\l@table\l@figure\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\listoffigures{%\r
+    \section*{\listfigurename\r
+      \@mkboth{\listfigurename}{\listfigurename}}%\r
+    \@starttoc{lof}%\r
+    }\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\listoftables{%\r
+    \section*{\listtablename\r
+      \@mkboth{\listtablename}{\listtablename}}%\r
+    \@starttoc{lot}%\r
+    }\r
+\r
+\ifx\oribibl\undefined\r
+\ifx\citeauthoryear\undefined\r
+\renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]\r
+     {\section*{\refname}\r
+      \def\@biblabel##1{##1.}\r
+      \small\r
+      \list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%\r
+           {\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%\r
+            \leftmargin\labelwidth\r
+            \advance\leftmargin\labelsep\r
+            \if@openbib\r
+              \advance\leftmargin\bibindent\r
+              \itemindent -\bibindent\r
+              \listparindent \itemindent\r
+              \parsep \z@\r
+            \fi\r
+            \usecounter{enumiv}%\r
+            \let\p@enumiv\@empty\r
+            \renewcommand\theenumiv{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%\r
+      \if@openbib\r
+        \renewcommand\newblock{\par}%\r
+      \else\r
+        \renewcommand\newblock{\hskip .11em \@plus.33em \@minus.07em}%\r
+      \fi\r
+      \sloppy\clubpenalty4000\widowpenalty4000%\r
+      \sfcode`\.=\@m}\r
+     {\def\@noitemerr\r
+       {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%\r
+      \endlist}\r
+\def\@lbibitem[#1]#2{\item[{[#1]}\hfill]\if@filesw\r
+     {\let\protect\noexpand\immediate\r
+     \write\@auxout{\string\bibcite{#2}{#1}}}\fi\ignorespaces}\r
+\newcount\@tempcntc\r
+\def\@citex[#1]#2{\if@filesw\immediate\write\@auxout{\string\citation{#2}}\fi\r
+  \@tempcnta\z@\@tempcntb\m@ne\def\@citea{}\@cite{\@for\@citeb:=#2\do\r
+    {\@ifundefined\r
+       {b@\@citeb}{\@citeo\@tempcntb\m@ne\@citea\def\@citea{,}{\bfseries\r
+        ?}\@warning\r
+       {Citation `\@citeb' on page \thepage \space undefined}}%\r
+    {\setbox\z@\hbox{\global\@tempcntc0\csname b@\@citeb\endcsname\relax}%\r
+     \ifnum\@tempcntc=\z@ \@citeo\@tempcntb\m@ne\r
+       \@citea\def\@citea{,}\hbox{\csname b@\@citeb\endcsname}%\r
+     \else\r
+      \advance\@tempcntb\@ne\r
+      \ifnum\@tempcntb=\@tempcntc\r
+      \else\advance\@tempcntb\m@ne\@citeo\r
+      \@tempcnta\@tempcntc\@tempcntb\@tempcntc\fi\fi}}\@citeo}{#1}}\r
+\def\@citeo{\ifnum\@tempcnta>\@tempcntb\else\r
+               \@citea\def\@citea{,\,\hskip\z@skip}%\r
+               \ifnum\@tempcnta=\@tempcntb\the\@tempcnta\else\r
+               {\advance\@tempcnta\@ne\ifnum\@tempcnta=\@tempcntb \else\r
+                \def\@citea{--}\fi\r
+      \advance\@tempcnta\m@ne\the\@tempcnta\@citea\the\@tempcntb}\fi\fi}\r
+\else\r
+\renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]\r
+     {\section*{\refname}\r
+      \small\r
+      \list{}%\r
+           {\settowidth\labelwidth{}%\r
+            \leftmargin\parindent\r
+            \itemindent=-\parindent\r
+            \labelsep=\z@\r
+            \if@openbib\r
+              \advance\leftmargin\bibindent\r
+              \itemindent -\bibindent\r
+              \listparindent \itemindent\r
+              \parsep \z@\r
+            \fi\r
+            \usecounter{enumiv}%\r
+            \let\p@enumiv\@empty\r
+            \renewcommand\theenumiv{}}%\r
+      \if@openbib\r
+        \renewcommand\newblock{\par}%\r
+      \else\r
+        \renewcommand\newblock{\hskip .11em \@plus.33em \@minus.07em}%\r
+      \fi\r
+      \sloppy\clubpenalty4000\widowpenalty4000%\r
+      \sfcode`\.=\@m}\r
+     {\def\@noitemerr\r
+       {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%\r
+      \endlist}\r
+      \def\@cite#1{#1}%\r
+      \def\@lbibitem[#1]#2{\item[]\if@filesw\r
+        {\def\protect##1{\string ##1\space}\immediate\r
+      \write\@auxout{\string\bibcite{#2}{#1}}}\fi\ignorespaces}\r
+   \fi\r
+\else\r
+\@cons\@openbib@code{\noexpand\small}\r
+\fi\r
+\r
+\def\idxquad{\hskip 10\p@}% space that divides entry from number\r
+\r
+\def\@idxitem{\par\hangindent 10\p@}\r
+\r
+\def\subitem{\par\setbox0=\hbox{--\enspace}% second order\r
+                \noindent\hangindent\wd0\box0}% index entry\r
+\r
+\def\subsubitem{\par\setbox0=\hbox{--\,--\enspace}% third\r
+                \noindent\hangindent\wd0\box0}% order index entry\r
+\r
+\def\indexspace{\par \vskip 10\p@ plus5\p@ minus3\p@\relax}\r
+\r
+\renewenvironment{theindex}\r
+               {\@mkboth{\indexname}{\indexname}%\r
+                \thispagestyle{empty}\parindent\z@\r
+                \parskip\z@ \@plus .3\p@\relax\r
+                \let\item\par\r
+                \def\,{\relax\ifmmode\mskip\thinmuskip\r
+                             \else\hskip0.2em\ignorespaces\fi}%\r
+                \normalfont\small\r
+                \begin{multicols}{2}[\@makeschapterhead{\indexname}]%\r
+                }\r
+                {\end{multicols}}\r
+\r
+\renewcommand\footnoterule{%\r
+  \kern-3\p@\r
+  \hrule\@width 2truecm\r
+  \kern2.6\p@}\r
+  \newdimen\fnindent\r
+  \fnindent1em\r
+\long\def\@makefntext#1{%\r
+    \parindent \fnindent%\r
+    \leftskip \fnindent%\r
+    \noindent\r
+    \llap{\hb@xt@1em{\hss\@makefnmark\ }}\ignorespaces#1}\r
+\r
+\long\def\@makecaption#1#2{%\r
+  \vskip\abovecaptionskip\r
+  \sbox\@tempboxa{{\bfseries #1.} #2}%\r
+  \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize\r
+    {\bfseries #1.} #2\par\r
+  \else\r
+    \global \@minipagefalse\r
+    \hb@xt@\hsize{\hfil\box\@tempboxa\hfil}%\r
+  \fi\r
+  \vskip\belowcaptionskip}\r
+\r
+\def\fps@figure{htbp}\r
+\def\fnum@figure{\figurename\thinspace\thefigure}\r
+\def \@floatboxreset {%\r
+        \reset@font\r
+        \small\r
+        \@setnobreak\r
+        \@setminipage\r
+}\r
+\def\fps@table{htbp}\r
+\def\fnum@table{\tablename~\thetable}\r
+\renewenvironment{table}\r
+               {\setlength\abovecaptionskip{0\p@}%\r
+                \setlength\belowcaptionskip{10\p@}%\r
+                \@float{table}}\r
+               {\end@float}\r
+\renewenvironment{table*}\r
+               {\setlength\abovecaptionskip{0\p@}%\r
+                \setlength\belowcaptionskip{10\p@}%\r
+                \@dblfloat{table}}\r
+               {\end@dblfloat}\r
+\r
+\long\def\@caption#1[#2]#3{\par\addcontentsline{\csname\r
+  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname\r
+  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup\r
+    \@parboxrestore\r
+    \@makecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par\r
+  \endgroup}\r
+\r
+% LaTeX does not provide a command to enter the authors institute\r
+% addresses. The \institute command is defined here.\r
+\r
+\newcounter{@inst}\r
+\newcounter{@auth}\r
+\newcounter{auco}\r
+\newdimen\instindent\r
+\newbox\authrun\r
+\newtoks\authorrunning\r
+\newtoks\tocauthor\r
+\newbox\titrun\r
+\newtoks\titlerunning\r
+\newtoks\toctitle\r
+\r
+\def\clearheadinfo{\gdef\@author{No Author Given}%\r
+                   \gdef\@title{No Title Given}%\r
+                   \gdef\@subtitle{}%\r
+                   \gdef\@institute{No Institute Given}%\r
+                   \gdef\@thanks{}%\r
+                   \global\titlerunning={}\global\authorrunning={}%\r
+                   \global\toctitle={}\global\tocauthor={}}\r
+\r
+\def\institute#1{\gdef\@institute{#1}}\r
+\r
+\def\institutename{\par\r
+ \begingroup\r
+ \parskip=\z@\r
+ \parindent=\z@\r
+ \setcounter{@inst}{1}%\r
+ \def\and{\par\stepcounter{@inst}%\r
+ \noindent$^{\the@inst}$\enspace\ignorespaces}%\r
+ \setbox0=\vbox{\def\thanks##1{}\@institute}%\r
+ \ifnum\c@@inst=1\relax\r
+   \gdef\fnnstart{0}%\r
+ \else\r
+   \xdef\fnnstart{\c@@inst}%\r
+   \setcounter{@inst}{1}%\r
+   \noindent$^{\the@inst}$\enspace\r
+ \fi\r
+ \ignorespaces\r
+ \@institute\par\r
+ \endgroup}\r
+\r
+\def\@fnsymbol#1{\ensuremath{\ifcase#1\or\star\or{\star\star}\or\r
+   {\star\star\star}\or \dagger\or \ddagger\or\r
+   \mathchar "278\or \mathchar "27B\or \|\or **\or \dagger\dagger\r
+   \or \ddagger\ddagger \else\@ctrerr\fi}}\r
+\r
+\def\inst#1{\unskip$^{#1}$}\r
+\def\fnmsep{\unskip$^,$}\r
+\def\email#1{{\tt#1}}\r
+\AtBeginDocument{\@ifundefined{url}{\def\url#1{#1}}{}%\r
+\@ifpackageloaded{babel}{%\r
+\@ifundefined{extrasenglish}{}{\addto\extrasenglish{\switcht@albion}}%\r
+\@ifundefined{extrasfrenchb}{}{\addto\extrasfrenchb{\switcht@francais}}%\r
+\@ifundefined{extrasgerman}{}{\addto\extrasgerman{\switcht@deutsch}}%\r
+}{\switcht@@therlang}%\r
+}\r
+\def\homedir{\~{ }}\r
+\r
+\def\subtitle#1{\gdef\@subtitle{#1}}\r
+\clearheadinfo\r
+%\r
+\renewcommand\maketitle{\newpage\r
+  \refstepcounter{chapter}%\r
+  \stepcounter{section}%\r
+  \setcounter{section}{0}%\r
+  \setcounter{subsection}{0}%\r
+  \setcounter{figure}{0}\r
+  \setcounter{table}{0}\r
+  \setcounter{equation}{0}\r
+  \setcounter{footnote}{0}%\r
+  \begingroup\r
+    \parindent=\z@\r
+    \renewcommand\thefootnote{\@fnsymbol\c@footnote}%\r
+    \if@twocolumn\r
+      \ifnum \col@number=\@ne\r
+        \@maketitle\r
+      \else\r
+        \twocolumn[\@maketitle]%\r
+      \fi\r
+    \else\r
+      \newpage\r
+      \global\@topnum\z@   % Prevents figures from going at top of page.\r
+      \@maketitle\r
+    \fi\r
+    \thispagestyle{empty}\@thanks\r
+%\r
+    \def\\{\unskip\ \ignorespaces}\def\inst##1{\unskip{}}%\r
+    \def\thanks##1{\unskip{}}\def\fnmsep{\unskip}%\r
+    \instindent=\hsize\r
+    \advance\instindent by-\headlineindent\r
+    \if!\the\toctitle!\addcontentsline{toc}{title}{\@title}\else\r
+       \addcontentsline{toc}{title}{\the\toctitle}\fi\r
+    \if@runhead\r
+       \if!\the\titlerunning!\else\r
+         \edef\@title{\the\titlerunning}%\r
+       \fi\r
+       \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm\unboldmath\ignorespaces\@title}%\r
+       \ifdim\wd\titrun>\instindent\r
+          \typeout{Title too long for running head. Please supply}%\r
+          \typeout{a shorter form with \string\titlerunning\space prior to\r
+                   \string\maketitle}%\r
+          \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm\r
+          Title Suppressed Due to Excessive Length}%\r
+       \fi\r
+       \xdef\@title{\copy\titrun}%\r
+    \fi\r
+%\r
+    \if!\the\tocauthor!\relax\r
+      {\def\and{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\and}%\r
+      \protected@xdef\toc@uthor{\@author}}%\r
+    \else\r
+      \def\\{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\newline}%\r
+      \protected@xdef\scratch{\the\tocauthor}%\r
+      \protected@xdef\toc@uthor{\scratch}%\r
+    \fi\r
+    \addtocontents{toc}{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\authcount{\the\c@auco}}%\r
+    \addcontentsline{toc}{author}{\toc@uthor}%\r
+    \if@runhead\r
+       \if!\the\authorrunning!\r
+         \value{@inst}=\value{@auth}%\r
+         \setcounter{@auth}{1}%\r
+       \else\r
+         \edef\@author{\the\authorrunning}%\r
+       \fi\r
+       \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\unboldmath\@author\unskip}%\r
+       \ifdim\wd\authrun>\instindent\r
+          \typeout{Names of authors too long for running head. Please supply}%\r
+          \typeout{a shorter form with \string\authorrunning\space prior to\r
+                   \string\maketitle}%\r
+          \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\rm\r
+          Authors Suppressed Due to Excessive Length}%\r
+       \fi\r
+       \xdef\@author{\copy\authrun}%\r
+       \markboth{\@author}{\@title}%\r
+     \fi\r
+  \endgroup\r
+  \setcounter{footnote}{\fnnstart}%\r
+  \clearheadinfo}\r
+%\r
+\def\@maketitle{\newpage\r
+ \markboth{}{}%\r
+ \def\lastand{\ifnum\value{@inst}=2\relax\r
+                 \unskip{} \andname\\r
+              \else\r
+                 \unskip \lastandname\\r
+              \fi}%\r
+ \def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}\relax\r
+          \ifnum\value{@auth}=\value{@inst}%\r
+             \lastand\r
+          \else\r
+             \unskip,\r
+          \fi}%\r
+ \begin{center}%\r
+ \let\newline\\\r
+ {\Large \bfseries\boldmath\r
+  \pretolerance=10000\r
+  \@title \par}\vskip .8cm\r
+\if!\@subtitle!\else {\large \bfseries\boldmath\r
+  \vskip -.65cm\r
+  \pretolerance=10000\r
+  \@subtitle \par}\vskip .8cm\fi\r
+ \setbox0=\vbox{\setcounter{@auth}{1}\def\and{\stepcounter{@auth}}%\r
+ \def\thanks##1{}\@author}%\r
+ \global\value{@inst}=\value{@auth}%\r
+ \global\value{auco}=\value{@auth}%\r
+ \setcounter{@auth}{1}%\r
+{\lineskip .5em\r
+\noindent\ignorespaces\r
+\@author\vskip.35cm}\r
+ {\small\institutename}\r
+ \end{center}%\r
+ }\r
+\r
+% definition of the "\spnewtheorem" command.\r
+%\r
+% Usage:\r
+%\r
+%     \spnewtheorem{env_nam}{caption}[within]{cap_font}{body_font}\r
+% or  \spnewtheorem{env_nam}[numbered_like]{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}\r
+% or  \spnewtheorem*{env_nam}{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}\r
+%\r
+% New is "cap_font" and "body_font". It stands for\r
+% fontdefinition of the caption and the text itself.\r
+%\r
+% "\spnewtheorem*" gives a theorem without number.\r
+%\r
+% A defined spnewthoerem environment is used as described\r
+% by Lamport.\r
+%\r
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%\r
+\r
+\def\@thmcountersep{}\r
+\def\@thmcounterend{.}\r
+\r
+\def\spnewtheorem{\@ifstar{\@sthm}{\@Sthm}}\r
+\r
+% definition of \spnewtheorem with number\r
+\r
+\def\@spnthm#1#2{%\r
+  \@ifnextchar[{\@spxnthm{#1}{#2}}{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}}}\r
+\def\@Sthm#1{\@ifnextchar[{\@spothm{#1}}{\@spnthm{#1}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@spxnthm#1#2[#3]#4#5{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname\r
+   {\@definecounter{#1}\@addtoreset{#1}{#3}%\r
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\expandafter\noexpand\r
+     \csname the#3\endcsname \noexpand\@thmcountersep \@thmcounter{#1}}%\r
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%\r
+   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%\r
+                              \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@spynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname\r
+   {\@definecounter{#1}%\r
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\@thmcounter{#1}}%\r
+   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%\r
+   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%\r
+                               \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@spothm#1[#2]#3#4#5{%\r
+  \@ifundefined{c@#2}{\@latexerr{No theorem environment `#2' defined}\@eha}%\r
+  {\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname\r
+  {\global\@namedef{the#1}{\@nameuse{the#2}}%\r
+  \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#3}%\r
+  \global\@namedef{#1}{\@spthm{#2}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%\r
+  \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@spthm#1#2#3#4{\topsep 7\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@\r
+\refstepcounter{#1}%\r
+\@ifnextchar[{\@spythm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}{\@spxthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@spxthm#1#2#3#4{\@spbegintheorem{#2}{\csname the#1\endcsname}{#3}{#4}%\r
+                    \ignorespaces}\r
+\r
+\def\@spythm#1#2#3#4[#5]{\@spopargbegintheorem{#2}{\csname\r
+       the#1\endcsname}{#5}{#3}{#4}\ignorespaces}\r
+\r
+\def\@spbegintheorem#1#2#3#4{\trivlist\r
+                 \item[\hskip\labelsep{#3#1\ #2\@thmcounterend}]#4}\r
+\r
+\def\@spopargbegintheorem#1#2#3#4#5{\trivlist\r
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{#4#1\ #2}]{#4(#3)\@thmcounterend\ }#5}\r
+\r
+% definition of \spnewtheorem* without number\r
+\r
+\def\@sthm#1#2{\@Ynthm{#1}{#2}}\r
+\r
+\def\@Ynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname\r
+   {\global\@namedef{#1}{\@Thm{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%\r
+    \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%\r
+    \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@Thm#1#2#3{\topsep 7\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@\r
+\@ifnextchar[{\@Ythm{#1}{#2}{#3}}{\@Xthm{#1}{#2}{#3}}}\r
+\r
+\def\@Xthm#1#2#3{\@Begintheorem{#1}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}\r
+\r
+\def\@Ythm#1#2#3[#4]{\@Opargbegintheorem{#1}\r
+       {#4}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}\r
+\r
+\def\@Begintheorem#1#2#3{#3\trivlist\r
+                           \item[\hskip\labelsep{#2#1\@thmcounterend}]}\r
+\r
+\def\@Opargbegintheorem#1#2#3#4{#4\trivlist\r
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{#3#1}]{#3(#2)\@thmcounterend\ }}\r
+\r
+\if@envcntsect\r
+   \def\@thmcountersep{.}\r
+   \spnewtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}[section]{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+\else\r
+   \spnewtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+   \if@envcntreset\r
+      \@addtoreset{theorem}{section}\r
+   \else\r
+      \@addtoreset{theorem}{chapter}\r
+   \fi\r
+\fi\r
+\r
+%definition of divers theorem environments\r
+\spnewtheorem*{claim}{Claim}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spnewtheorem*{proof}{Proof}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\if@envcntsame % alle Umgebungen wie Theorem.\r
+   \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spothm{#1}[theorem]{#2}{#3}{#4}}\r
+\else % alle Umgebungen mit eigenem Zaehler\r
+   \if@envcntsect % mit section numeriert\r
+      \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spxnthm{#1}{#2}[section]{#3}{#4}}\r
+   \else % nicht mit section numeriert\r
+      \if@envcntreset\r
+         \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}\r
+                                   \@addtoreset{#1}{section}}\r
+      \else\r
+         \def\spn@wtheorem#1#2#3#4{\@spynthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}\r
+                                   \@addtoreset{#1}{chapter}}%\r
+      \fi\r
+   \fi\r
+\fi\r
+\spn@wtheorem{case}{Case}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{conjecture}{Conjecture}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{corollary}{Corollary}{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{definition}{Definition}{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{example}{Example}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{exercise}{Exercise}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{lemma}{Lemma}{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{note}{Note}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{problem}{Problem}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{property}{Property}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{proposition}{Proposition}{\bfseries}{\itshape}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{question}{Question}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{solution}{Solution}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\spn@wtheorem{remark}{Remark}{\itshape}{\rmfamily}\r
+\r
+\def\@takefromreset#1#2{%\r
+    \def\@tempa{#1}%\r
+    \let\@tempd\@elt\r
+    \def\@elt##1{%\r
+        \def\@tempb{##1}%\r
+        \ifx\@tempa\@tempb\else\r
+            \@addtoreset{##1}{#2}%\r
+        \fi}%\r
+    \expandafter\expandafter\let\expandafter\@tempc\csname cl@#2\endcsname\r
+    \expandafter\def\csname cl@#2\endcsname{}%\r
+    \@tempc\r
+    \let\@elt\@tempd}\r
+\r
+\def\theopargself{\def\@spopargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist\r
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##1\ ##2}]{##4##3\@thmcounterend\ }##5}\r
+                  \def\@Opargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{##4\trivlist\r
+      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##1}]{##3##2\@thmcounterend\ }}\r
+      }\r
+\r
+\renewenvironment{abstract}{%\r
+      \list{}{\advance\topsep by0.35cm\relax\small\r
+      \leftmargin=1cm\r
+      \labelwidth=\z@\r
+      \listparindent=\z@\r
+      \itemindent\listparindent\r
+      \rightmargin\leftmargin}\item[\hskip\labelsep\r
+                                    \bfseries\abstractname]}\r
+    {\endlist}\r
+\r
+\newdimen\headlineindent             % dimension for space between\r
+\headlineindent=1.166cm              % number and text of headings.\r
+\r
+\def\ps@headings{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo\r
+   \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty\r
+   \def\@evenhead{\normalfont\small\rlap{\thepage}\hspace{\headlineindent}%\r
+                  \leftmark\hfil}\r
+   \def\@oddhead{\normalfont\small\hfil\rightmark\hspace{\headlineindent}%\r
+                 \llap{\thepage}}\r
+   \def\chaptermark##1{}%\r
+   \def\sectionmark##1{}%\r
+   \def\subsectionmark##1{}}\r
+\r
+\def\ps@titlepage{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo\r
+   \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty\r
+   \def\@evenhead{\normalfont\small\rlap{\thepage}\hspace{\headlineindent}%\r
+                  \hfil}\r
+   \def\@oddhead{\normalfont\small\hfil\hspace{\headlineindent}%\r
+                 \llap{\thepage}}\r
+   \def\chaptermark##1{}%\r
+   \def\sectionmark##1{}%\r
+   \def\subsectionmark##1{}}\r
+\r
+\if@runhead\ps@headings\else\r
+\ps@empty\fi\r
+\r
+\setlength\arraycolsep{1.4\p@}\r
+\setlength\tabcolsep{1.4\p@}\r
+\r
+\endinput\r
+%end of file llncs.cls\r
diff --git a/src/motivation.tex b/src/motivation.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/overview_common_crypto_systems.tex b/src/overview_common_crypto_systems.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/practical_settings.tex b/src/practical_settings.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29
diff --git a/src/tools.tex b/src/tools.tex
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e69de29